When you drink iced tea from a vessel with a straw, you could say that you are sucking the tea through the straw. This stratum of air is more than 60 miles thick, and the air above us exerts constant downward pressure. Because we have always lived under this pressure, we do not experience it, but we can observe its effects. When drinking from a straw, a small space of low pressure is created in the mouth and at the tip of the straw. In actuality, it would be more accurate to state that atmospheric pressure is pushing the liquid up the straw.
3 DRAWBACKS OF DRINKING THROUGH STRAWS
|1.||Causes smoker’s lips|
|2.||Causes bloating and excess gas|
|3.||Stains your back teeth|
It’s enjoyable to imbibe through a straw, but have you ever pondered why this is? Straws function because of something invisible, but ubiquitous. Sound mystical? No, it’s science, not magic!
Even though a glass may appear empty before you fill it with your favorite cold drink, it’s actually quite full—full of gas that is. As it is the atmosphere that exerts force, atmospheric pressure determines how high water will travel up a straw. All of the atmosphere is pressing down on us, but we have gas in our bodies that pushes back, preventing us from being pulverized.
What relevance does this have to a straw? Consider what occurs when you insert a straw into liquid. Using the same principle, a barometer measures atmospheric pressure. Since mercury is significantly heavier than water, the atmospheric pressure can only sustain a thirty-inch-tall column of mercury. However, as atmospheric pressure varies, so does the column’s maximum height. When a meteorologist reports that the barometric pressure is 29 inches of mercury, it indicates that the air pressure can sustain a mercury column that is 29 inches tall.
A column of water could be used to measure atmospheric pressure, but a thirty-foot water barometer would be much more cumbersome than a three-foot mercury barometer. When you inhale through a straw, you extract air from the straw and inhale it into your lungs. Most individuals believe that when they drink through a straw, the liquid travels directly into their mouth. However, there is a scientific basis for it.
Since we cannot see the atmosphere, it is difficult to determine how it operates. Scientists grapple with this issue constantly. A large part of a scientist’s task is to devise experiments to measure things that cannot be seen. Here are some experiments for observing the atmosphere!
Observing Atmospheric Materials
- Straw • Drinking glass/liquid to be consumed • Plastic/paper cup • Index card covering the entire cup.
- A tissue • Only a straw and a container of water are required.
1) Pick up a stirrer. Consume something from it to ensure that it functions. Now, make a small puncture in it (ensure that the hole is visible). Ensure that the hole is above the liquid level in the vessel. Does the stirrer function still? This can be caused by a variety of factors, including temperature and altitude. Consequently, what causes atmospheric pressure? When sucking on a straw with a hole, air is drawn through the cavity rather than extracted from the straw. The liquid remains in place unless the opening is covered.
2) Pour water into a small plastic or paper cup. Even the smallest molecules have weight, and the layers of our atmosphere, which are composed of vast numbers of air molecules, exert pressure on whatever they contact below. Place the palm of your hand on the card (to hold it in place) and invert the cup. When a straw is inserted into a cup of liquid, the air within the straw exerts downward pressure on the liquid. Where’s the water? (Do this over a basin or sink in case of emergency!) The card is still adhered to the cup. The atmosphere exerts a greater upward force than the water, so the card remains affixed.
3) Grab a tissue box. It should be crumpled and placed in the bottom of a cup. Additional Explorations Imagine placing one straw in the cup and one outside the cup, and then attempting to siphon water through the remaining straw. Would the water rise through the straw more quickly, or would nothing change? You want the tissue to be compressed into the cup’s base. Flip the cup upside down and press it into the water. If you maintain a level cup while pressing, the tissue will remain dry. Why does this happen? Although the cup appears vacant, it is filled with air. When you flip the cup and press it into the water, the air in the cup displaces the water, leaving the tissue dry!
Silicone and metal straws each have their own pipe cleaners that can reach the filthy and most inaccessible areas of the straw. No more grime and bacteria on your beverage. Both reusable straws are the clear-cut victors in this category. They are extremely simple to sanitize. The colors of these reusable straws differ. However, due to their uniqueness, both will attract the attention of those in the vicinity. If you’re a fan of all things vibrant, silicone straws will certainly make you joyful. You can purchase this reusable straw in any color, from solid red to a variety of tints, making it ideal for children.
If a perfect vacuum were created within the straw, the pressure outside the straw at sea level would be sufficient to propel water to a height of approximately 10.3 meters. A 10.3-m column of water exerts the same pressure as the molecules in our atmosphere: 101,325 N/m2 or 14.7 lb/in2 (psi). The added colors are not that vibrant, so you can still appreciate the metallic sheen and luster of your straws. Everyone has their preferred color, so we’ll declare this category a tie. [Not Transparent One of the disadvantages of silicone and metal straws is that they are opaque, which is particularly beneficial when consuming hot beverages.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
How does drinking straws work?
When you drink iced tea from a vessel with a straw, you could say that you are sucking the tea through the straw. This stratum of air is more than 60 miles thick, and the air above us exerts constant downward pressure.